Over the past several months Antarctica has been subject to a lot of interesting events – From the discovery of a subterranean heat source , gravity waves, energetic particles, spinning icebergs and even near perfectly shaped rectangular icebergs.
Massive Heat Source Under The Ice
Beneath the West Antarctican ice sheet NASA discovered a subterranean heat source that has begun melting the continent from the bottom up. Researchers estimate that its generating roughly the same amount of heat as the volcanoes in Hawaii – around 180 milliwatts per square meter.
This inexplicable geothermal activity is occurring thousands of miles away from any type of tectonic plate formation so they claim that there is some sort of mantle plume mass of super-heated molten rock close to the surface – directly below Antarticas “Marie Byrd Land.”
The study was published in the Journal of Geophysical Research
Huge Enduring Gravity Waves Over-top of Antarctica
Seven years ago scientists discovered a serieslarge “ripples” in our atmosphere. Originally, they believe this phenomena was created by the oscillation of air due to gravity. The atmospheric ripples now referred to as “Gravity waves” often dissipate after only a few hours of propagation, but for some reason the waves tend to last much longer in the skies of Antarctica.
It turns out these larger, more persistent waves in the planets mesosphere originate from smaller waves in the atmospheric layer below them, called the “stratosphere. Scientists have come up with two different theories to explain this
One of them involves downward flowing mountain winds that force gravity waves to upward in response. The idea being that once they reach our lower mesosphere, they begin ‘break’ off sort of like an ocean wave striking the shore, which in turn generates larger waves.
The second theory proposes the existence of a swirling low pressure zone that creates a clockwise spinning polar vortex of wind that may theoretically alter and/or shoot gravity waves upward, said lead author Xinzhao Chu, a professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences and the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder.
Gravity waves might have serious implications for understanding climate change. “We think the new understanding about these waves, especially secondary wave generation, may help to improve the models,” said Xinzhao Chu, a professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences and the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado Boulder.
Anomalous Spinning Iceberg
Over a year ago a huge chunk of ice snapped off Larsen C ice shelf in Antarctica, moved away from it’s original location and later in July – began rapidly spinning for no apparent reason.
“It might have been shaken loose by winds or ocean currents, or it might be that the natural thinning process (from both melting and the flow of the ice) has lifted the bottom of the iceberg off the sea bed,” Martin O’Leary of Project MIDAS, which has been studying the shelf and the iceberg, told Earther. “In any case, it looks like the berg is now a lot more free to move about, so it will probably continue to rotate, and to move out to sea.”
Propping Up Thwaites Glacier With Artificial Walls
A study published in the European Geosciences Union journal called “Cryosphere” proposes an ambitious project that involves constructing massive artificial walls underneath the ice sheets of Antarctica. This no less than risky undertaking would be attempted to hopefully prevent or at the very delay the impending collapse of the continents ice shelves. Sea-level is expected to rise a maximum of 216 feet. Approximately 143 million people are at risk for having their homes submerged by the rising tide. Which would of course exacerbate an already dire migration crisis.
Unfortunately events that are most likely to trigger an ice sheet collapse at Thwaites Glacier in West Antarctica could in fact already be happening.
“Thwaites could easily trigger a runaway [West Antarctic] ice sheet collapse that would ultimately raise global sea level by about 3 metres,” Michael Wolovick, a geosciences researcher at Princeton and the other author of the study, said in a statement.
Researchers have proposed two separate methods for completing these artificial barriers underneath the continent. Both projects have different levels of risk and reward for carrying through. The first partial approach involves erecting a series of giant mounds underneath the ice. This strategy would not prevent warm water from running off the continent but it could make glacier collapse less likely by helping to support them with some sort of asymmetric barrier.
This method is less difficult to pull off but is expected to have only a 30% chance of preventing the collapse of Thwaites Glacier over the next 1000 years.
The second approach involves building up a complete wall underneath the glacier to block warm water from running off in to the Ocean. It would of course be a lot more difficult to pull off but would have a 70% chance of preventing the collapse of Thwaites Glaciers overe the next 1000 years.
NASA scientist Jeremy Harbeck snapped this photo on an october 16th research flight over the northern Antactic Peninsula. It appears to depict what is a near perfectly rectangular iceberg. It is in fact so symmetrical that one may find it hard to believe that this occurred as a result of natural phenomena.
Nonetheless the same research team spotted another rectangular iceberg so other people have suggested it is a regular natural occurrence. Though if you look closely at both icebergs it is rather obvious that the second one is not nearly as symmetrical as the first.
9/26/18 Cosmic Rays Are Popping Out of Antarctica
ANITA the Antarctica Impulsive Transient Antenna has detected cosmic rays that appear to originate from within the planet.
Cosmic rays are an umbrella term that means any kind of energetic particle that originates from our sun, another star or even a black hole. They are supposed to travel across the vastness of outer space and dissipate upon contact with our planets atmosphere
However now that ANITAs detected some sort of cosmic ray shooting out of the frozen Continent scientists are beginning to question some elements of the standard model. ANITAs first detection occurred shortly after launching their antenna back in 2006 when the initial cosmic ray was pinged emerging from beneath the ice. The teams second detection occurred later in 2014, verifying that the phenomena is not some kind of freak accident. Upon cross examination it appears that similar phenomena were detected by the IceCube telescope.
This means that some sort of gravitational body has ejected a brand new kind of particle not accounted for by the standard model. some sort of cosmic ray that can pass clean through another planet, popping out the other side. In fact researchers from Penn State University estimate that there is a 1-in-3.5 million chance of this particular particle being a part of the standard model –
Lead author of the new paper Derek Fox, and his colleagues poured over a bunch of old theoretical papers to see if anyone had proposed that such a cosmic ray particle may indeed exist. In a branch of physics called Super-Symmetry every particle must have a partner with opposite charge. This is actually how many particles have been discovered in the past, by figuring out how the partner of an extant particle may actually be detected. Well it turns out that a series of papers anticipated that something like this may actually be discovered called a “stau slepton”, which is the super-symmetric version of a “tau lepton”.
The South Poles Ozone Hole is Growing Steadily
Last but not least, the Ozone hole over top of Antarctica has increased steadily in size from September 1st to October 16th.